Causes of cancer
The fight against breast cancer
Breast cancer can be cured, as long as it is diagnosed early enough and treated properly! A program to fight the disease therefore requires :
Such a program involves human (researchers, health personnel, trainers, etc.), political and social (awareness campaigns, organized screening, etc.), and financial (acquisition of equipment, infrastructure, qualified personnel, etc.) commitment, and is based on a solid health system capable of supporting and fully caring for patients.
A dream still too far from reality...
High income countries
Most Western countries have the means, infrastructure and staff to implement a program as mentioned above.
However, the participation rate in organized screening campaigns is still relatively low in these countries due to :
- an awareness policy that can be improved
- difficulties in accessing health care centers, especially in medical deserts.
- the anguish that the examination may cause (X-rays, pain...)
- the unsuitability of the machines in some cases, such as disabled people
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Women aged 50-74 are invited to have a control mammogram every two years.
This examination is reimbursed by Social Security.
40% of them do not go for screening.
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In low- and middle-income countries
These countries face a double challenge:
- The explosion of the breast cancer incidence rate due to the westernization of lifestyles.
- A lack of financial, technical and structural means to cope with it: awareness campaigns and organized screening are sometimes non-existent; hospitals cannot afford to buy a mammographer, which is very expensive and demanding (temperature, technical complexity...); governments do not have the means to support patients in their procedures.
Sick women are therefore often diagnosed too late, and care is not always provided. In fact, the mortality rate among detected cases is very high.
'It is now urgent, in order to better fight against cancer, to develop effective and affordable approaches for the early detection, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in women living in the world's least developed countries.'
Dr Christopher Wild, IARC Director, 2013
All over the world, the pivotal stage of screening is therefore either non-existent or can be optimized.
This is KDOG's ambition: to find, as quickly as possible, a simple, inexpensive, non-invasive diagnostic technique that is accessible to all and sufficiently reliable to ensure that only women diagnosed with cancer undergo mammography.